It analyses the CPI calculations for the periods under review, with the year 2007 fixed as the base year. It also details CPI results by welfare levels and types of households.
As SCAD’s report elaborates, the single largest contributor to the y-o-y rise in consumer prices during 2012 was the “Restaurants and hotels” group, which contributed 51.8 percentage points to the increase as the group’s prices grew 16.4 percent.
The next largest contributor to the rise in the CPI during 2012 was the “Food and non-alcoholic beverages” group which contributed 44.8 percentage points of the rise in the index during the twelve months 2012 compared with the same period of 2011, as a result of increases in the prices of most of the subgroups falling under this group, including the prices of “Coffee, tea and cocoa” (up 7.6 percent), “Meat” (5.3 percent), “Oil and fats” (up 6.0 percent) “Vegetables” (up 4.3 percent) and “Fish and seafood” (up 4.5 percent).
The “Education” group contributed 12.5 percentage points of the overall increase recorded in 2012 compared with 2011.
The prices of “Clothing and footwear” advanced by 1.9 percent y-o-y during 2012, contributing 13.2 percentage points to the total increase by all groups.
The main group that slowed down the rise in consumer prices during 2012 compared with 2011 was “Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels” which detracted 45.7 percentage points from the overall change in the CPI, with the average prices of the group falling by 1.3 percent between the periods compared.
As SCAD’s report finds, average consumer prices increased by 0.8 percent in the fourth quarter 2012 compared with the same period of 2011.
The “Restaurants and hotels” group contributed 69.6 percentage points to the y-o-y increase in the CPI in Q4 2012, as the prices of the group surged 14.5 percent between the quarters compared.
The next largest contributor to the overall y-o-y rise in the CPI over the fourth quarter of 2012 was “Clothing and footwear” which contributed 39.1 percentage points to rise in the index. This was due to increases in the prices of most of the subgroups within this group, pushing the average prices of the group 4.0 percent up.
The main group that slowed down the rise in consumer prices during the fourth quarter of 2012 compared with the same period of 2011 was “Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels”, which detracted 62.7 percentage points from the overall increase in the CPI index. The average prices of this group declined by 1.3 percent.
The CPI edged up 0.1 percent in Q4 compared with Q3 2012. The most significant individual increase came from prices for “Alcoholic beverages and tobacco” which grew 5.7 percent.
Average consumer prices advanced 0.7 percent in December 2012 compared with December 2011, as the CPI increased from 122.4 points in December 2011to 123.3 points in December 2012, reflecting the net movement (increases and decreases) in consumer prices between the aforesaid months.
The largest increase in prices during December 2012 compared with December 2011, was in the “Restaurants and hotels” group, which advanced 14.5 percent, followed by “Clothing and footwear” (up 4.0 percent), “Alcoholic beverages and tobacco” (up 11.7 percent) and “Transport” (up 3.0 percent), while the “Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels” group retreated by 1.1 percent.