Doha, November 30 (QNA) – A number of participants at the UN Conference of Parties (COP 18) and the 8th session Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 8) debated on the duration of the 2nd commitment period of the Protocol which could be anywhere between five or eight years.
Attendees asserted that the main responsibility falls on the part of greater nations towards the developing societies in terms of financial and technological assistance to help them face the consequences of climate change.
Ahmed Ihab Gamal El Din, Egypt’s Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for Environmental Affairs and Sustainable Development told Qatar News Agency (QNA) Friday that the climate conference currently held in Doha is considered to be a turning point between two phases; the first on what has been built during the last 20 years and the second regarding a new agreement by 2015 to be implemented in 2020 for all countries to abide by.
The climate change agreement states that developed countries should hold a leading role in facing the phenomenon, while developing countries need to face poverty and achieve social and economic growth, Gamal El Din said.
In these Doha sessions we resume efforts concerning the Kyoto Protocol and a second commitment period, he explained. To close the Kyoto file, as developing countries we ask developed nations to provide high numbers abiding by their legal responsibilities stemming from their responsibility towards emissions, Gamal El Din added.
As Arab and developing countries, we try to elevate commitments for the second period, he said, indicating that countries not in the Protocol like the United States and others who opted out like Canada should all give numbers close to those provided by others in the Protocol.
Egypt’s Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for Environmental Affairs and Sustainable Development Ahmed Ihab Gamal El Din spoke to QNA about challenges including how to raise the levels of available funding.
Korea will host the UN Green Climate Fund and the funding itself needs to begin so it would launch operations, he said.
On the second commitment period, Gamal El Din pointed out the different opinions within The Group of 77, The African Group, and inside the Arab group as well. He explained that developed countries favored an 8-year period, although the general direction is towards five years which, according to him, is more beneficial.
For his part, head of the Iraqi delegation Maged Radi said in a similar press statement to QNA today on the sidelines of the 18th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP18) currently in progress in the qatari capital Doha, that there are no set opinions over the second commitment period. It depends on Arab countries agreeing with one another, he said.
He indicated that depending on the result of negotiations between countries of the Arab world, Iraq will commit. Developed countries always blame developing nations, while most responsibilities fall on their side, he posited. On the Climate Fund, he added that there are no amounts on the ground.
Meanwhile Babiker Ibrahim Abdulla , the Undersecretary of Sudan’s Ministry of Environment, Forests and Urban Development told QNA that discussions are still underway over the duration of the second commitment period, adding that the real challenge lies in the standards for lowering emissions as developed countries need to offer $100 billion starting now until 2020 to continue with discussions. (END)